Technology has also made a major breakthrough in the cigarettes industry with the production of electronic cigarettes as a replacement for traditional tobacco smoking. Companies producing the e-cigarette has marketed the product to be health safe compared to tobacco smoking. Ever since, there as being a tremendous increase in the number of people adopting the new style. But recently, research results have begun to emerge to question the supposed healthiness of the e-cigarette.
The E-liquid Mate e-cigarette is an electronically operated cigarette made up of a heating chamber(atomizer), a cartridge, a lithium battery and the e-liquid container. The heating chamber functions to heat up the e-liquid thereby converting it into vapour or aerosol, before it can be inhaled through its opening by the user. E-liquid is composed of four components namely propylene glycol, glycerin, nicotine and flavourings. Propylene glycol and glycerine make up about 90-95 per cent of the total e-liquid composition while nicotine and flavourings make up about 5-10 per cent. The first two are odourless gases that aid in the conversion of the mixture into gases while the last two gives it its taste. Nicotine gives it its tobacco taste.
These chemical compounds though in themselves they are not harmful, harm is derived at the point of conversion of the mixture into vapour. When the compounds are heated to a certain temperature, they are converted into formaldehyde. Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen. So users are exposed to the danger of having cancer with the continuous usage of e-cigarettes.
E-cigarettes due to the aerosolization process that takes place record no significant production of carbon monoxide which makes it unlikely for it to cause cardiocirculatory effects. Nevertheless, metal deposits in the lungs due to the inhalation of aerosol has been known to cause pulmonary toxication.
The use of e-cigarettes in homes is quite risky to children. On exhalation of water vapour, vapour tends to settle fast, as fast as about 10 seconds after that time. Inhalation by kids could pose adverse health effects on them. The condensation of water vapour settles upon the home interior surface which makes children more vulnerable to a longer impact of e-cigarettes. During their fun periods or daily activities, they could rub their hands and body over surface areas, this could result in nicotine deposits on their hands which they could unconsciously lick, thereby increasing nicotine level in their body.
E-cigarettes have also been known to contain a considerable amount of toxicants and heavy metals which poses a severe danger on the health. An expectant parent using e-cigarettes might be posing a great risk on her unborn child. The use of it has been recorded to cause high turnout of deformities in infants and other birth defects.
In conclusion, it can be said that e-cigarette is not an effective healthy replacement for the traditional smoking of tobacco. Though its smokeless feature makes it usable in smoke prohibited areas. It danger effects on the health still as high as the health risk posed by traditional tobacco smoking.