Full Truckload Shipping (FTL) is the transportation of large amount of freight or cargo from one place to another. Typically, FTL shipping would have to be full – generally occupying the entire space of a semi-trailer or intermodal container. Additionally, companies saddled with transporting a full cargo container to a single location for customers are referred to as truckload carriers. In contrast, Less Truck Load (LTL) usually entails different freight from different customers all in one container; and they are usually transported on many different trailers.
Thus, LTL makes more stops on transit. Coupled with the fact that there is no definite timeline on when the freight will arrive at its destination. On the other hand, Full Truck Load (FTL) shipping has a definite time of arrival without having to stop while in transit.
Usually, FTL shipping requires the shipping company to deliver a semi trailer to the client, who then fills the trailer with the freight for transportation to its final destination. Once the freight has been loaded, the driver collects all the necessary paperwork for the delivery. Most times, the paperwork required are Custom papers, Bill of landing and an invoice. On most occasions, the driver goes straight to the consignee to deliver the freight himself.
Where conditions do not permit, the driver wills Trans-load the freight onto another trailer with a different driver for onward delivery to its destination. Hours of service regulation tends to sometimes prolong the timeline for a Full Truckload (FTL) delivery. Furthermore, a Full Truckload shipper spends 47 mph while in transit. This timeline equally takes other factors into account such as refuelling, traffic, queues at intersections and rest periods for the drivers.
FTL carriers will most time ship only a particular kind of freight. This is due to the fact that some states have laws that regulate the different types of cargo that can be moved in one freight. Occasionally, different equipment and insurance may be needed to successfully transport different kinds of cargo. Nevertheless, some trailer drivers may still transport different items in one cargo to ensure that they arrive at their destination in time. Typically, freight items can range from food, hazardous items, and perishable items, to frozen foods and even general appliances.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the amount of freight transported via the highways. Before now, a large percentage of good were transported by train. That seems not be the case anymore thanks to good roads and highway expansions. Over the past few years, truckload carriers have been the most favourite and secured method of transporting goods from one state to the other.
Ever since, the trucking industry has taken a hefty market share in the transportation of goods. Consequently, the big shift to truckload freight transportation has considerable cut time and cost needed to successfully move goods from one state to the other. So if you’d like your good transported to your destination and delivered right on time, FTL shipping is the way to go.